Hook of Holland, Netherlands
In 1924 J.J.P. Oud, City Architect to Rotterdam, designed this workers’ housing block, built in 1926–27 in the city’s Hook of Holland district. The elongated two-story structure of two- and four-room units earned international attention. Oud created an integrated architectural whole, with shopfronts at the rounded ends of the residential buildings, creating a dramatic streamlined appearance.
Phillip Johnson, who selected the project for MoMA’s 1932 Modern Architecture show, visited the site in 1929 and wrote: “We still think that Oud’s Hook houses are the Parthenon of modern Europe. That’s putting it a little strongly, but they are splendid.”